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What is Ozone? (O3)

Ozone is chemical compound that is formed by three oxygen atoms. (O3) It is a much more high energied form of a dyad atmospheric oxygen. O3 is a gase that is colorless and has a characteristic  smell in room temperature. You may sense it after a stormy weather, on high places or around sea shore. The reason why the sky is blue comes from this gase. Ozone gase, which occurs from upper layers of atmosphere with UV beams or electric arc dismembering oxygen in the lower layers of atmosphere, has a very important role in cleaning the air. It’s name comes from the word “ozein” which means “sniff” in Greece. Ozone is discovered by German Chemist Christian Friedrich Sechönbein (1799- 1868) in 1840. In places near ground level 10 million air particles per a particle of O3 is in the form of smoke in concentration of 0.1 ppm= 200 µg/m³. At a height of 2000 m the concentration decreases more to the levels of 0.03 – 0.04 ppm.


Ozone is the only gase that has oxygen as it’s basic material as well as having the ability to not to be stocked. The main reason for ozone to not to be stocked is because it can turn into it’s basic material oxygen without any forcing proportionally to enviroment’s temperature.


In 1997 in advanced countries ozone got into the class of GRAS (Generally Recognised as Safe) and in FDA organisations ozone held the place as a additive that can be used in foods.


With it’s specifications such as being a very powerfull oxidation and a very effective disinfection ozone is used as a germ killer globally in purification plants sufflying drinking water. With it’s high oxidation power ozone plays an influential role in destructing  bacteria E.coli 3125 times more chlore under same conditions. Ozone gase being the only gase that does not has any leftovers or residual after disinfection makes it more favorable in use especially in food industry.